The entrance of the Treasury of Atreus 13th BC in Mycenae The earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans , dated to , BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave , in the Greek province of Macedonia. The Mycenaeans gradually absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around BC, during a time of regional upheaval known as the Bronze Age collapse. Though the unearthed Linear B texts are too fragmentary for the reconstruction of the political landscape and can’t support the existence of a larger state contemporary Hittite and Egyptian records suggest the presence of a single state under a “Great King” based in mainland Greece. These states and their colonies reached great levels of prosperity that resulted in an unprecedented cultural boom, that of classical Greece , expressed in architecture , drama , science , mathematics and philosophy. In BC, Cleisthenes instituted the world’s first democratic system of government in Athens. In response, the Greek city-states formed the Hellenic League in BC, led by Sparta, which was the first historically recorded union of Greek States since the mythical union of the Trojan War. Following decisive Greek victories in and BC at Salamis , Plataea , and Mycale , the Persians were forced to withdraw for a second time, marking their eventual withdrawal from all of their European territories.
Revered as early as BC, the sacred precinct was home to the famous Oracle, in which the god himself counseled his people through the mouth of an intoxicated priestess. The version of Apollo worshipped on the island was Apollo Delphinios – the god in the form of a dolphin – and it was from this that the holy city derived its name. As the center of the world and the dwelling place of Apollo, Delphi was thronged with pilgrimsfrom across the ancient world.
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Home to an international trade fair, a film festival, and nightlife that is famed throughout the country, Thessaloniki is a charismatic city with a very interesting and diverse history. Discover important historic, cultural, and religious monuments, and see how the Byzantine, Roman, and Ottoman Empires have fused together to make the city what it is today. The Thessaloniki Jewish Heritage Tour will amaze you, as your True Greece guide unravels the fascinating history behind a community of people that have been part of the city for over years!
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Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Churches
Find out useful information on how to organize your travel to Thessaloniki. Accommodation Hotels in Thessaloniki are concentrated at the city center so that they are in close distance to shops and sights. In particular, the regions around Aristotle Square, Egnatia, Ladadika and the Beach Promenade are the liveliest parts of the city and boast a wide variety of accommodations, from luxurious five-star hotels and suites, to budget hotels and hostels with simple facilities.
These quarters are the most convenient place to stay during your Thessaloniki holidays.
View of the New Mosque When Sultan Murad II captured Thessaloniki and sacked it in , contemporary reports estimated that about one-fifth of the city’s population was enslaved. No Jews were recorded in the census suggesting that the subsequent influx of Jewish population was not linked  to the already existing Romaniots community. Some historians consider the Ottoman regime’s invitation to Jewish settlement was a strategy to prevent the ethnic Greek population from dominating the city.
On 18 May, when Yusuf learned of the insurrection to the villages of Chalkidiki , he ordered half of his hostages to be slaughtered before his eyes. In June , regular Ottoman soldiers attacked and destroyed the Janissary base in Thessaloniki while also killing over 10, Janissaries, an event known as The Auspicious Incident in Ottoman history. It was at that time that the Ottoman administration of the city acquired an “official” face with the creation of the Government House  while a number of new public buildings were built in the eclectic style in order to project the European face both of Thessaloniki and the Ottoman Empire.
In the early 20th century, Thessaloniki was in the center of radical activities by various groups; the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization , founded in , [ ] and the Greek Macedonian Committee , founded in The Greek consulate in Ottoman Thessaloniki now the Museum of the Macedonian Struggle served as the center of operations for the Greek guerillas. Thessaloniki was also the center of activities of the Young Turks , a political reform movement, which goal was to replace the Ottoman Empire’s absolute monarchy with a constitutional government.
The Young Turks started out as an underground movement, until finally in , they started the Young Turk Revolution from the city of Thessaloniki, by which their revolutionaries gained control over the Ottoman Empire. From left to right: The State of Thessaloniki was disestablished with the unification of the two opposing Greek governments under Venizelos, following the abdication of King Constantine in
The “Triumvirate of National Defence ” in Thessaloniki, autumn Map showing the area, covering most of the city’s historical center, destroyed by the fire. This was a day after the feast of the city’s patron saint, Saint Demetrios, which has become the date customarily celebrated as the anniversary of the city’s liberation. The next day, a Bulgarian division arrived, and Bulgarian troops were allowed to enter the city in limited numbers.
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Its interior is decorated with Early Christian mosaics; outside is the city’s only surviving minaret. It was probably intended to be his mausoleum, but it was never used as such. Many Christian legends about the persecuting emperor’s last years developed in Thessaloniki, such as his repentance on his deathbed as he suffered from painful and disgusting sores an affliction ascribed to many enemies of the Church in early writings.
It was also said that his daughter was secretly a Christian, who was martyred as well. The Rotunda of Galerius was converted into a Christian church in the late 4th century or mid-5th century. The date of conversion to a church has been difficult to determine with any certainty. There is no written documentation about the event, so dating has to be based on analysis of the style of the mosaics and the historical situation of Thessaloniki in these early centuries.
With regard to the latter, Thessaloniki was always an important city and it was given a further boost after Constantine developed its harbor. The city became even more important after the mid-5th century, when it became a provincial capital and the base of the main military general of the west.
Snapshot: Thessaloniki, Greece
Culture – Sights A journey into culture Thessaloniki is considered the cultural hub of Greece. Some of the most representative sights and points of interest of Thessaloniki are: The Arch of Galerius or Kamara: The most distinctive Roman structure of Thessaloniki was build in the 4th century to commemorate the victory of the Roman Emperor Galerius against the Persians.
It is located in the waterfront and hosts various events, such as theater, concerts, cultural and art exhibitions etc. One of the favorite destinations for Thessalonians and tourists.
History of Thessaloniki. The city’s history dates back more than years. It was founded in B.C. by Cassander, king of Macedonia, on the site of old prehistoric settlements dating back to city was named after the king’s wife Thessalonica, sister of Alexander the Great. The city developed rapidly and soon became a commercial and cultural centre of Macedonia and of the.
The mythology of this spectacular city precedes it, with towering temples to Classical deities and the ruins of ancient marketplaces rubbing shoulders with lively nightlife, crowded flea markets, and contemporary cuisine. Make the most of your time in the city at some of these spots: The Parthenon is the temple, the Acropolis is the hill. This temple to Athena has enchanted visitors since its construction was completed in BC.
Find your perfect souvenir or sun hat in the busy stalls of the Monastiraki flea market. In the evening, you’ll sit down to drink to your upcoming adventure with a wine tasting in a bar in downtown Athens. Acropolis and Ancient Greek Mythology Tour Ancient columns Experience the ancient stories surrounding you with today’s guided mythology tour. You’ll meet your guide and storyteller at the Temple of Olympian Zeus, then head to landmarks around the city including the Acropolis, ancient cemetery at Kerameikos, and the Agora.
The myths that founded the city and are featured in its retellings for generations will accompany as you go, with stories of Zeus, Athena, Poseidon, Dionysus, and more. Hear both the stories themselves and the historic facts behind them, adding resonance to the archaeological ruins you will visit during this four-hour tour.
Make your way over to explore the Acropolis Museum on your own after your tour or join a guide if you’d prefer. Named one of the ten best museums in the world by National Geographic, this modern museum houses a multitude of artifacts removed from the hill of the Acropolis for safekeeping to provide insight into ancient religious practices and daily life.
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Volume 34 , May , Pages Urban sprawl simulation linking macro-scale processes to micro-dynamics through cellular automata, an application in Thessaloniki, Greece Author links open overlay panel ApostolosLagarias Show more https: A CA-based model is proposed linking macro-scale processes to micro-dynamics in order to simulate the urban sprawl process. The model allocates new urban land in a disaggregated field of land units cells taking into account a a wide range of demographic, accessibility, socioeconomic, environmental and urban planning data b a set of local characteristics of cells and neighborhood interactions.
The history of the city of Thessaloniki is a long one, dating back to the Ancient with the opening of borders in Southeastern Europe it is currently experiencing a strong revival, serving as the prime port for the northern Greek regions of Macedonia and Thrace, as well as for the whole of Southeastern Europe.
Thessaloniki Upper Town Walking Tour Upper Town Thessaloniki is the most ancient part of the city that is approximately years old. Here you may see the ancient Byzantine wall with its towers, ancient religious sites with Byzantine mosaics and frescoes, and other remnants of the city’s great civilization. Take this tour to have a closer look of what’s left. Some of the twelve apostles visited the city and wrote epistles to its people, which entered the cannon of New Testament.
There are many great ancient churches here, but of special interest are the beautiful smaller ones. This self-guided tour will lead you to the most splendid churches of the city. The coastline offers magnificent views of the waters and of the distant Olympus mountains. While walking here you will see historic monuments, beautiful parks with fountains, many cafes, churches, and other interesting sights. This self-guided tour offers a pleasant walk along the coast of Thessaloniki. Here you may find displayed ancient art from Byzantine period coexisting with contemporary arts presented for sale at numerous shops and galleries around the city.
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Larger settlements like Jericho arose along salt and flint trade routes. Northern Eurasia was resettled as the glaciers of the last glacial maximum retreated. World population was at a few million people, likely below 5 million. Researchers probing the ocean bottom have found story-high towers of stone deep in the ocean near a section of volcanic fault ridges that extend for 6, miles along the Atlantic Ocean floor. There were indications of settlement after 9, B.
This settlement grew to city status by 7, B. Manfred Heun of the Agricultural University of Norway, along with Norwegian, German, and Italian colleagues, examined the DNA of 68 lines of cultivated einkorn Triticum monococcum monococcum , lines of wild einkorn T. Wheat wasn’t far behind. In the New World, corn was being cultivated 9, years ago. July 22, One of the leading contenders is Jericho. Pluto [ years], Neptune [ years], Uranus [84 years], Saturn [28 years] and Jupiter [12 years].
World population was approximately 5 million.